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Justice Department Files Agreement with PATH to End Unnecessary Medical Exams, Health Questions of Employees

New Jersey

The Department of Justice filed an agreement today in Newark federal court to resolve its lawsuit against the Port Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation (PATH) under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA).

According to federal officials, PATH operates a rail transit service between Manhattan and New Jersey. 

The Department’s suit alleges PATH subjected its workers to unnecessary medical exams and sought unnecessary information from those employees about their disabilities and other health conditions. 

As part of the settlement agreement, PATH will pay a total of $100,000 to certain employees who were harmed by PATH’s exams and inquiries.

“Workers deserve to be free from unlawful inquiries that could reveal a disability or family medical information,” Acting U.S. Attorney Rachael A. Honig said. 

“This office remains committed to protecting the civil rights of employees by ensuring that employers comply with the requirements of federal law. We thank PATH for its cooperation with our investigation and its commitment to make changes necessary to protect the civil rights of its workers.”

“No employee should be subject to unnecessary medical exams and health inquiries by their employer,” Assistant Attorney General Kristen Clarke for the Justice Department’s Civil Rights Division said. 

“This settlement reflects the Justice Department’s firm commitment to protecting workers from unlawful and probing inquiries into their health and disability status.”

According to federal officials, the settlement agreement resolves a lawsuit that the Department filed today in federal court in New Jersey. 

Federal officials stated that under the terms of the agreement, which must be approved by the court, PATH has agreed to stop unnecessary medical exams, as well as unnecessary questions about employees’ disabilities, health conditions, and family medical history. 

According to federal officials, in addition to the compensation to two employees, the settlement also requires PATH to train its staff on the ADA and GINA and periodically submit reports about its compliance with the agreement.

The ADA bars employers from requiring medical exams or inquiries of on-the-job employees unless the information sought is vital to job performance or safety. 

GINA bars employers from asking employees to disclose genetic information, including questions about family medical history.

The Department plays a central role in advancing the nation’s goal of equal opportunity, full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for people with disabilities.

For more information on the Civil Rights Division, please visit For more information on the ADA, please call the Department’s toll-free ADA Information Line at 800-514-0301 (TDD 800-514-0383) or visit

ADA complaints may be filed online at Individuals who believe they may have been victims of discrimination may also file a complaint with the U.S. Attorney’s Office at or call the U.S. Attorney’s Office Civil Rights Hotline at (855) 281-3339.